Shalakya Chikitsa ((ENT & Ophthalmology)
Shalakya Tantra deals with diseases that affect parts above neck eyes, nose, throat, ears, and head. Shalakya tantra has various techniques to diagnose and treat different diseases that affect eyes and other parts.
All the three major classics of Ayurveda Charaka Samhita, Sushruta Samhita and Ashtanga Hridaya deals with Shalakya Tantra. According to Ayurveda there are 72 netra roga (eye diseases), 11 osta roga (lip diseases), one gand rog (lymph disease), 23 danta rog (dental diseases), 6 jihva rog (tongue diseases), eight talu rog (palate), 18 gal rog (throat diseases), and eight savagat mukhrog (diseases affecting mouth cavity and face).
Sushrut Samhita tells in detail about surgical treatment of different eye diseases and precautionary measures to prevent spread of infections. Sushruta, considered to be the first known human surgeon, also describes the methods of removal of unwanted growths like tumors.
Shalakya Tantra deals not only with major treatment measures for diseases affecting sensitive parts of the head, but also puts detailed direction about easy home remedies for diseases like migraine, infections in eye, ears and other parts.